Background studies

Electoral Malpractice. Birch, S., 2011. Oxford University Press. 

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the issue of electoral malpractice. The author understands electoral malpractice as taking three main forms, namely the manipulation of electoral institutions, the manipulation of vote choice and the manipulation of the voting act (electoral administration). The author explores these forms of electoral malpractice in detail and discusses the challenges and prospects of electoral reform. The book concludes that electoral malpractice in all its forms can be combated by raising the costs of electoral malpractice. National governments should give space to civil society, domestic media and international actors to take on direct monitoring roles in order to denounce infractions.

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