U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre

This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from a U4 Partner Agency. The U4 Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International in collaboration with the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre based at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.


Please provide an update on corruption, anti-corruption and illicit finance issues and initiatives in Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Guyana, Jamaica, St. Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Corruption acts as a driver and facilitator of drug, human and arms trafficking in many of the ten countries discussed in this paper. Money laundering is enabled through financial secrecy and citizenship and residency by investment programmes. Involvement in corrupt acts by high and low-level state actors is also observed. However, progress in countering money laundering and corruption has been made in the region, particularly in several legal frameworks and international cooperation in investigations, as well as regional initiatives on anti-corruption.


  1. Background
    1. Regional risks and trends
  2. Corruption and illicit finance by country
    1. Antigua and Barbuda
    2. Bahamas
    3. Barbados
    4. Dominica
    5. Guyana
    6. Jamaica
    7. St. Lucia
    8. St. Kitts and Nevis
    9. St. Vincent and the Grenadines
    10. Trinidad and Tobago
  3. Regional cooperation
    1. Anti-corruption initiatives
    2. Initiatives to countering illicit finance
  4. References


Aretha M. Campbell

Co-author Caitlin Maslen


Luciana Torchiaro (TI)

Trevor Munroe (National Integrity Action Jamaica)

Rosa Loureiro-Revilla (U4)




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