Transparency International

This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from one of Transparency International’s national chapters. The Anti-Corruption Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International and funded by the European Union

Query

Provide an overview of corruption and anti-corruption in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Summary

Emerging from the contested elections of 2018, Felix Tshisekedi has been installed as the new president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Tshisekedi has inherited a corrupt and inefficient state apparatus that struggles with its legitimacy and is embroiled in multiple deadly conflicts.

At the heart of the corruption and conflict are the forms of neopatrimonial governance and state capture that have defined politics in the DRC for decades. Powerful patron-client networks reproduce corruption and predation at every link of the hierarchy, putting the greatest burdens on low-ranking corrupt officials and ordinary citizens.

The DRC has a legal framework with some potential for improving its fight against corruption, but implements it very poorly. A key issue, therefore, is ensuring independent and autonomous anti-corruption institutions that can put an end to the impunity of those benefiting from corruption.

Contents

  1. Background
  2. Extent of corruption
  3. Nature of corruption challenges
  4. Sectors vulnerable to corruption
  5. Anti-corruption framework
  6. Stakeholders

Main points

  • The Congolese state has been captured by powerful patronage networks.
  • Corruption in the DRC has taken on a logic of its own. It allows those at the top of patron-client networks to get rich and those on the bottom to survive.
  • The DRC’s legal framework has a good foundation for countering corruption, but it is not being implemented.

Authors

Mathias Bak, tihelpdesk@transparency.org

Reviewer

Jon Vrushi, Transparency International, Ernest Mpararo, Ligue Congolaise de Lutte contre la Corruption (LICOCO)

Date

10/07/2019

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