U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre

This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from a U4 Partner Agency. The U4 Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International in collaboration with the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre based at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.

Query

Please provide an overview of corruption and anti-corruption in the energy sector with a focus on Ghana.

Summary

The energy sector presents its own unique set of corruption risks depending on the fuel type, power generation process and service delivery, among others. Understanding energy value chains could help identify various gaps and opportunities for anti-corruption entry points in the sector. The Ghanaian energy sector has mixed examples of anti-corruption success (for instance, the review of power purchase agreements) and failures (electricity tapping and supply issues at the service location level). A few anti-corruption approaches aimed at the sector include, but are not limited to, preventing procurement fraud, proper planning of energy projects and mitigating risks of unsolicited proposals.

Contents

  1. Sector-specific corruption risks
  2. Energy sector in Ghana
  3. Anti-corruption approaches
  4. References

Main points

  • Value chains highlight a way of looking at the various layers of often complex energy systems.
  • Risks from unsolicited proposals, corruption in procurement, bribery and theft are some corruption risks manifesting at different levels of the energy value chain in Ghana.
  • A few anti-corruption approaches aimed at the sector include preventing procurement fraud, proper planning of energy projects and mitigating risks of unsolicited proposals, among others.

Caveat

The corruption examples and anti-corruption measures listed in this paper are meant to be illustrative and not exhaustive. Moreover, applying an anti-corruption measure requires a thorough understanding of the contextual realities (i.e., regulatory framework and socio-economic conditions, among others).

Authors

Kaunain Rahman (TI), tihelpdesk@transparency.org

Reviewers

David Aled Williams (U4), aled.williams@cmi.no

Anoukh de Soysa (TI), tihelpdesk@transparency.org

Mary Awelana Addah (TI Ghana), tihelpdesk@transparency.org

Date

14/06/2022

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