Transparency International

This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from one of Transparency International’s national chapters. The Anti-Corruption Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International and funded by the European Union


Can you provide some information on Transparency International policy and international good practice in relation to deferred prosecution agreements, immunity programmes and plea bargaining?


  1. Introduction
  2. Plea bargaining
  3. Deferred prosecution agreements
  4. Immunity and leniency programmes
  5. References


This brief explores the advantages and disadvantages of a number of legal tools commonly employed in cases related to the prosecution of corruption, including deferred prosecution agreements, immunity programmes and plea bargains. Whenever possible, the authors include country examples to illustrate the use of these tools, as well as best practices found in the literature.


Roberto Martinez B. Kukutschka and Marie Chêne, [email protected]




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