U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre

This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from a U4 Partner Agency. The U4 Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International in collaboration with the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre based at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.


Please provide us with an overview of the corruption and corruption risks in urban and rural land administration in Ethiopia. What are the drivers? How can donors influence in building a solid and transparent land administration?


1. Corruption risks in land administration in Ethiopia
2. The role of donors in combatting corruption in land administration in Ethiopia
3. References


Land is a vital resource and a driver of economic growth and development. The way it is governed and administered therefore has a significant impact on a country’s future. Experts agree that land is not put to good use in Ethiopia. Food insecurity and under-nutrition continue to be major problems. In addition, the country is plagued with corruption that permeates all sectors, including land administration. Land administration is seen to be rife with petty corruption as well as state capture. This is driven by an absence of clear policies, strong institutions, transparency and public participation, and resources.

Improving land governance is key in assuring that land resources can be enjoyed by all parts of the population. Donors can play an important role in combatting corruption in land administration and building a well-functioning land administration by both supporting domestic government efforts as well as engaging in international and multi-country initiatives. However, donors are advised by experts and civil society organisations to be mindful of the possible impact of their interventions on issues of land grabbing and forced relocations.


Samira Lindner, Transparency International, [email protected]


Marie Chêne, Casey Kelso, Transparency International




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