This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from a U4 Partner Agency. The U4 Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International in collaboration with the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre based at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.
What are the existing EU strategies and approaches to support anti-corruption measures in European Neighbouring countries?
A U4 Partner Agency located in one of the European Neighbouring countries is organising a workshop on the issue.
1. European Neighbourhood Policy
2. European Union strategies and approaches
to support neighbouring countries in their fight against corruption
The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), first developed in 2004 and revised in 2011, is part of the EU strategy for strengthening the prosperity, stability, and security in neighbouring countries (Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Moldova, Palestinian territory, Syria, Tunisia, and Ukraine) in order to build a mutual understanding of common values such as democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development. The fight against corruption features in the ENP as one of the most important challenges in order to achieve progress towards deep democracy and the rule of law among partner countries.
To address these challenges, the EU has developed several approaches to support anti-corruption measures in neighbouring countries. Support to anticorruption interventions may be given through (i) financial assistance, such as the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI); (ii) technical assistance, such as capacity building and institutional development programmes; (iii) positive conditionality, rewarding committed partner countries with additional funding; (iv) civil society strengthening; (v) political dialogues; (vi) regional cooperation.
Maira Martini, Transparency International, [email protected]