U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre

This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from a U4 Partner Agency. The U4 Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International in collaboration with the U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre based at the Chr. Michelsen Institute.


Please provide an overview of the most pressing integrity risks affecting international businesses operating in Kenya.


While Kenya is an attractive destination for international businesses active in Africa, integrity risks present a real concern and can be a deterrent to investment. The country’s struggles with corruption have a major effect on the business environment. International businesses need to have a sound understanding of this context and the specific integrity risks it will present to their operations.


  1. Global evidence of the impact of corruption on business and investment
  2. The Kenyan economy and international investment
  3. The political context to integrity issues
  4. Cross-sectoral integrity risks
  5. Additional commentary by key sector
  6. Business anti-corruption initiatives in Kenya
  7. Anti-corruption guidance for businesses
  8. References

Main points

  • Kenya is a regional economic hub which offers significant opportunities for international businesses.
  • Integrity risks for businesses are nonetheless high and stem from a long history of corruption and mismanagement in politics and government institutions.
  • Key areas of risk for international businesses across all sectors include public procurement, politically connected partners, engagement with state-owned enterprises, bureaucratic and administration corruption and fraud.  
  • These forms of integrity risk vary significantly by sector and the extent of engagement by businesses with the government and state-owned enterprises. Different types of international businesses may also experience these problems with varying levels of severity.


Thomas Shipley,


Transparency International Keny




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