State capture in Asia Pacific
This Anti-Corruption Helpdesk brief was produced in response to a query from one of Transparency International’s national chapters. The Anti-Corruption Helpdesk is operated by Transparency International and funded by the European Union.
State capture in the Asia Pacific region is linked to long lasting relations between governments and the business sector. Countries in East Asia in particular, share similar political-economic models characterised by highly interventionist states, robust and closed corporations and economic decision making based more on relationships than on market principles. Even if empirical evidence of capture is scarce in the literature, the interconnections between the political elite and the business class consolidated in systems with a long tradition create clear opportunities for the capture to happen. The Asian experience offers an opportunity to advance the definition of state capture, its possible solutions as well as on where the border lies between what is considered a legitimate or not legitimate influence in a given society.
- Introduction: Understanding state capture
- Opportunities for state capture in Asia Pacific
- Examples of government and business partnerships
- Anti-capture measures