How have integrity pledges been used to combat corruption and promote transparency during and after elections?
Integrity pledges are non-binding social contracts through which participants announce their commitment to act against corruption. Pledges can be signed by candidates for office, public officials, political parties, members of the government, as well as other stakeholders. They may be accompanied by other measures designed to give substance to the enshrined principles of integrity and transparency, such as declarations of assets and liabilities and declarations of interests. Integrity pledges differ from policy commitments, which refer to the promise of enacting specific policies. Elections are opportunities to level pressure on candidates – including to local office – to behave ethically and to declare their support for anti-corruption policies.